Pre-emptive Opening bids - Facts sheet

Counting tricks for hands with a 7+card suit :

  • The A, K or Q in the long suit = 1 trick each

  • Every card after the 3rd card in the long suit = 1 trick each

  • In the other suits : A or K = 1 trick each   AQx or KQx = 2 tricks

The Rule of 2 and 3 :
Open 2 more than the tricks in your hand when you are Vulnerable

Open 3 more than the tricks in your hand when you are Not Vulnerable

But do not bid higher than Game (4♥ 4♠ 5♣ 5♦)

Counting tricks in Responder's hand :

  • The A, K or Q in Opener's long (trump) suit = 1 trick each

  • In the other suits : A = 1 trick   K = ½   AK = 2   AQ = 1½   KQ = 1

  • trump support and a singleton = 1 trick

  • trump support and a void = 2 tricks

Then add the tricks in your hand to those of the Opener and bid accordingly.

For example :

  1. Partner opened 3♥ Vulnerable and you hold 3 tricks
    Bid 4♥ : together you hold (9 - 2) + 3 = 10 tricks

  2. Partner opened 3♥ Not Vulnerable and you hold 3 tricks
    Pass ! : together you hold (9 - 3) + 3 = 9 tricks only

  3. Partner opened 4♦ Not Vulnerable and you hold 2 tricks
    Pass ! : together you hold (10 - 3) + 2 = 9 tricks only
    (You may well go down one, but opponents would certainly have
    missed a better contract themselves.)

  4. Partner opened 4♠ Not Vulnerable and you hold 4 tricks
    Pass ! : together you hold (10 - 3) + 4 = 11 tricks, not enough for Slam
    (But if the Opponents compete with a higher bid, you can raise to 5♠.)